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given. Before acting on suggestions from anyone, ostomates are advised to check with a doctor or stoma care nurse that the course of action is suitable
for them. Whilst every care is taken, the author will not be held responsible.
The abdomen is the body space between the thorax (chest) and the pelvis (above the hips). The diaphragm forms the upper surface of the abdomen. The abdomen ends at the pelvic bones, where
the pelvis begins.
The abdomen contains all the digestive organs, including the stomach, small and large intestines, pancreas, liver, kidneys, spleen and gallbladder.
An abdominoperineal resection is a resection of a part of the lower bowel in which all or part of
the colon and rectum, and anus are removed. Two incisions are needed – one through the
abdomen, and one through the perineum (the area between the genitals and the anus).
Absorption is the method by which nutrients from food move from the small intestine into the cells in
Accessory products assist in stoma management and may be used to enhance the performance of a pouching system. They include items such as belts, creams, deodorants, odour eliminators, paste,
pouch clips/closures, pouch covers, powders, seals, sprays, etc.
They do not include the stoma pouch (bag) or flanges (baseplate/wafer).
ACCESSORY DIGESTIVE ORGANS
Accessory digestive organs are organs, which help with digestion, but are not part of the digestive tract. These organs are the tongue, gallbladder, glands in the mouth that make saliva, liver and pancreas.
Adhesions are an internal growth of scar tissue following surgery or sepsis. Bands of this fibrous scar tissue bind together two surfaces, which normally should be separate, i.e. there is an act of adhering
or sticking. For example, loops of bowel. Adhesions can often cause complications, such as pain, constipation and sometimes bowel (intestinal) blockages in a post-
Adhesive removers help clean adhesive, which remains on the skin after the flange has been removed.
An allergy is a hypersensitivity or adverse response to a substance. This causes the body to react to
any contact with it. In ostomy care, a person may be allergic to some part of the pouching system,
such as the flange, etc. However, allergies are fairly uncommon, and there may be other reasons for
a reaction to a material.
An anal fistula is an abnormal channel, which develops between the anus and the skin. Most fistulas
are the result of an abscess (infection), which spreads to the skin.
Analgesic is the medical name for painkillers. An analgesic is any group of medicines used to relieve pain.
An anastomosis is an operation to connect two body parts. An example is an operation in which part
of the colon is removed, and the two remaining ends are rejoined.
An angiogram is an x-
the urine from going back into the kidneys, once it has drained into the pouch.
The anus is the external opening of the rectum, where solid waste exits the body.
An appliance is a collection device for waste eliminated from the body. It consists of a pouch and
flange (one or two piece), which is worn by the ostomate.
The ascending colon is the part of the colon on the right side of the abdomen. It is the portion of
the colon connecting to the caecum and appendix, or first part of the large intestine.
Asymptomatic is the condition of having a disease, but without any symptoms of it.
Atonic colon is the lack of normal muscle tone or movement (peristalsis) in the colon. This is caused
by the overuse of laxatives or by Hirschsprung’s Disease. It may result in chronic constipation.
Atonic colon is also called lazy colon.
Ballooning occurs when a stoma pouch, which is being worn by a patient, fills up with flatus. This
is most likely to be seen when a filter is blocked or ineffective, or where there is no filter on the pouch.
Barium is a white, chalky liquid, which is used to coat the inside of organs in order that they will
show up on an x-
BARIUM ENEMA X-
A barium enema is an x-
intestine does not show up sufficiently on a regular x-
white, chalky liquid, which makes the large intestine visible on an x-
rectum. It looks white on r-
professionals need to see. It is also called lower GI series.
BARNETT CONTINENT INTESTINAL RESERVOIR
See Continent Ileostomy.
See Continent Ileostomy.
See Ostomy Belt.
A biopsy is the removing of a small piece of body tissue for examination, especially under a
microscope, in order to diagnose the nature and extent of a disease.
Bile ducts are tubes, which carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder for storage, and to the small intestine for use in digestion.
The bladder is an organ, which acts as a container for urine.
See Bowel Obstruction.
Bowel incontinence is described as the loss of bowel control.
A bowel obstruction is a blockage or occlusion in the digestive or urinary tract, where the flow of
digestion products (liquids or solids) is stopped from continuing through the intestines. The
peristaltic motion of the intestine continues, and causes great pain. Other symptoms are little
or no output from the stoma for several hours, nausea and sometimes fever. If the obstruction
does not move within a few hours, it is extremely important to seek medical advice.
Bowel prep is normally needed before bowel surgery and certain diagnostic procedures. It consists of taking a laxative, so that the system is thoroughly emptied.
See Ileal Conduit.
Bulking agents are laxatives, which make bowel movements soft and easy to pass.
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